New PDF release: A History of Islamic Philosophy - Third Edition

By Majid Fakhry

ISBN-10: 0231132212

ISBN-13: 9780231132213

The 1st entire survey of Islamic philosophy from the 7th century to the current, this vintage discusses Islamic proposal and its influence at the cultural points of Muslim lifestyles. Fakhry exhibits how Islamic philosophy has from the earliest occasions a particular line of improvement, which provides it the cohesion and continuity which are the marks of the nice highbrow routine of background. (Fall 2006)

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The most outstanding exception to this general rule is without doubt the great pagan astrologer-philosopher Thabit b. Qurra, who hailed from l;larran in north Syria, settled in Baghdad, where he was attached to the service of the famous patrician family ofBann Musa. He subsequently became astrologer-royal and companion of the caliph al-Mu'tadid (892--902). He was the sire of a long line of distinguished scholars, who like their great forebear, devoted themselves to the study of astrology and mathematics.

As for Pythagoras, who is said to have received wisdom from Solomon, he is commended for his piety and his preeminence in the fields of music, arithmetic, and geometry, which he is said to have learned from the Egyptians. In addition, he is credited with a large number of books ranging from 8o to 280, according to some sources. Many of Pythagoras' moral aphorisms are given in the Arabic anthologies, but these aphorisms do not always correspond to the so-called Golden Maxims of the classical sources.

84 Cf. Duhem, Le systeme du monde, IV, p. 325. 22 THE LEGACY OF GREECE, ALEXANDRIA, AND THE ORIENT apocryphal Theologia as a real boon. Although the Arabic version of Ibn Na'imah purports to be a translation of Porphyry's commentary upon the alleged text of Aristotle, none of our sources ascribes such a commentary to this Syrian Neo-Platonist. Curiously enough, however, a Theologia is credited to Diodochus Proclus (d. 485), 8; the other great exponent of NeePlatonism and the last great pagan representative of Greek thought.

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A History of Islamic Philosophy - Third Edition by Majid Fakhry


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