By Ira M. Lapidus
Lengthy thought of a vintage, A heritage of Islamic Societies is now that rather more worthy a reference for common readers and students alike. commonly praised for its balanced and complete account, Ira Lapidus' paintings has been absolutely revised in its insurance of every nation and quarter of the Muslim global via 2001. It comprises the origins and evolution of Islamic societies and brings into concentration the old tactics that gave form to the manifold different types of modern Islam. The concluding chapters survey the starting to be impact of the Islamist routine inside of nationwide states and of their transnational or international dimensions, together with the Islamic revival, Islamist politics and terrorism. An up-to-date dialogue of the jobs of girls in Islamic societies is extra, with new sections approximately Afghanistan and Muslims in Europe, the United States, and the Philippines. Ira M. Lapidus is Professor Emeritus of background on the college of California at Berkeley. His many books and articles comprise Islam, Politics and Social events (University of California Press, 1988) and Muslim towns within the Later heart a long time (Cambridge, 1984).
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Extra info for A History of Islamic Societies
The first ranges are forever blanketed in snow and beyond them are ranges lashed with eternal blinding hail. Some believed that but for the snow and hail, these countries would have been melted by the burning fires of hell. In another old legend, the regions beyond Mount Qaf are inhabited by different races of angels. They stretch for forty days’ travelling and consist of meadows and plains so white that they shine like silver. 40 Although it is known that jinn have kingdoms in the Qaf Mountains and elsewhere, details about them are hard to find.
After 25,000 years, the jinn became proud and arrogant and began to disobey the divine rules. Allah sent legions of angels to punish the jinn, and many of the wrongdoers were destroyed. The rest were dispersed to distant islands – all except for Iblis, an impressive jinn who was captured and brought to heaven. There he was educated and raised to the ranks of the angels. Because of his eloquence, he became a teacher of the younger angels. Meanwhile, the scattered jinn on the earth came together again and formed a nation on an island in the Southern Ocean.
32 Qaf was the loftiest of the mountain ranges created by Allah to support the earth and was the parent of all other earthly mountains, to which it was linked by subterranean ranges. The range is separated from the world of men by the oceans that surround the known world. In some Islamic cosmologies, the Qaf Mountains held the world and its oceans together like the rim of great bowl. A surviving manuscript of al-Qazwini’s well-known geography, 'Aja'ib al-Makhluqat (The Wonders of Creation), has an illustration that shows a disk-like earth with the surrounding range of Qaf Mountains resting on the back of a giant bull (al-Rayyan), which in turn stands on a vast fish (Behemoth) held up by an angel.
A History of Islamic Societies by Ira M. Lapidus