By Malcolm Wanklyn
An army historical past of the English Civil struggle examines how the civil battle used to be gained, who fought for whom, and why it ended. With an easy variety and transparent chronology that permits readers to make their very own decisions and pursue their very own pursuits additional, this unique historical past presents an intensive critique of the explanations which were mentioned for Parliament's victory and the King's defeat in 1645/46. It discusses the strategic suggestions of the Parliamentary and Royalist commanders and councils of warfare and analyses the selections they made, arguing that the King's defective command constitution was once extra chargeable for his defeat than Sir Thomas Fairfax's strategic aptitude. It additionally argues that the best way that assets have been used, instead of the assets themselves, clarify why the battle ended whilst it did.
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Additional info for A Military History of the English Civil War: 1642-1646
As a result, the king’s forces had to resort to plunder, thus totally alienating the civilian population in the areas they controlled. By 1645, non-cooperation had turned to violence, which was met by yet more violence. As a result, the king’s officials found it increasingly difficult to pay, recruit and provision their armies, which affected the armies’ discipline. However, Hutton has argued with regard to Wales and the Welsh borderland in the spring of 1645 that brute force was a most effective instrument for obtaining men, money and supplies, while Smith has pointed out that Parliament’s efficiency in gathering taxes ‘produced enormous resentment amongst the civilian population’.
10 Hughes, Firepower, 35; Roberts, Gustavus Adolphus, 229n. 11 Firth, Cromwell’s Army, 150, 179; Gush, Renaissance Armies, 106; Roberts, Gustavus Adolphus, 228n; Hughes, Firepower, 75. 12 Wagner, European Weapons and Warfare, 32; Poyntz, True Relation, 45, 106. 13 Wagner, European Weapons and Warfare, 32; Cruso, Military Instructions, 26, 30. 14 Wagner, European Warfare, 37; Jones, Role and Efficiency of Cavalry, 42. , 32; Gush, Renaissance Armies, 21; Tincey, Soldiers of the English Civil War: Cavalry, 20.
It also helped Sir William Waller to build up a new army in September 1643 after he had lost his first one at the battle of Roundway Down. Moreover, without the support of London’s trained bands Essex would not have been able to relieve the besieged city of Gloucester in September 1643 nor Sir William Waller successfully defend Sussex, Surrey and Kent against Lord Hopton’s army between November 1643 and March 1644. However, the problems of conducting campaigns with regiments that were only available for fixed periods of time before others replaced them became blatantly obvious during the summer, when they ruined Waller’s army as a fighting force.
A Military History of the English Civil War: 1642-1646 by Malcolm Wanklyn